4 Common Injuries from a Frontal Impact Car Collision
A frontal impact car collision, also known as a head-on collision, is one of the deadliest types of car accidents. The severity of the injuries depends on the speed of the vehicle(s) and safety features of your car. These types of crashes often cause the following injuries.
WhiplashIn a frontal impact collision, the head and neck continue to move forward while the body stays mostly in place if wearing a seatbelt. The sudden, jerking movement of the head and neck continues they meet resistance, often when the chin hits the chest. This action stretches and strains the ligaments and muscles at the back of the neck and base of the head and shoulders. Signs of whiplash include severe neck, back, and shoulder pain, stiffness, numbness, weakness, headaches, and dizziness. But these may not manifest right away, which is why it's important to seek a medical evaluation shortly after the accident, even if you don't feel injured.
Head InjuriesIn a frontal crash the sudden impact to the front of the car may send the drivers' head into the steering wheel. This may result in head injuries such as mild Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI), which is also known as a concussion. Mild concussions may cause nausea, blurred vision, headaches, and dizziness. Severe concussions may result in seizures, coma, or death. In any case, a thorough medical evaluation is important after any head injury.
Blunt TraumaEven with seatbelt use and airbag deployment, passengers in a front-end collision may still suffer blunt trauma injuries to various parts of the body. Most common are internal injuries to the chest and abdomen because of seatbelt restraint or airbags. Chest trauma may result in broken ribs, damaged lungs, and damage to the shoulder joints. Blunt trauma to the abdomen increases the risk of damage to the organs and internal bleeding. Persistent pain in the chest or abdomen, coughing up blood, blood in the urine or feces, and severe bruising are possible signs of internal trauma and those who experience them should inform their doctor immediately.
Spinal Cord InjuriesInjuries to the spinal cord are possible in any type of car crash, including in frontal impact car accidents. Some examples of spinal injuries include herniated discs, cracked vertebra, or damage to the spinal cord. Paralysis is a potential result of a spinal injury if the spinal cord is damage, as is nerve damage. Paralysis may be complete (loss of all sensation) or incomplete (loss of partial sensation), depending on the severity of damage. It may affect the legs only or may affect all four limbs and the torso, depending on the severity of location of damage.