They don't have the right to self help eviction, meaning they are not allowed to take your keys or change the locks. Since you did not sign any lease you are free to leave on 30 days notice, so notice given before 4/1 would end your tenancy 4/30. If they lock you out you may call the police.
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Its an unlawful eviction. You can go to Housing Court to get an order to be restored. It is illegal in NYC under local law so call the police to see if there's a similar law where you are.
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A landlord may only evict after going through all of the appropriate steps. By your description, your landlord may have skipped a few of them. Speak with an attorney promptly.
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You cannot break into the apartment. Hopefully when you go out you have proof of your address with you and the tenant will not commit the crime of illegally evicting you.
Call the police and complain that the tenant stole your house keys. Hire an attorney. Find the local landlord and tenant court web site and look for information. If locked out the police should restore you to possession. If locked out the court may provide a proceeding commenced by order to show cause for an illegal lockout.
The answer provided to you is in the nature of general information. The general proposition being that you should try to avoid a bad outcome if you can.