It all depends. Is this the only conviction? Have your friend take all of his/her criminal dispositions to an experienced immigration attorney in the area.
Irene Vaisman, Esq. 11 Broadway, Suite 615 New York, NY 10004 (646) 253-0516 This is not legal advice and a client attorney relationship is not created. For a free consultation call (646) 253-0516.
Yes, it may upon further review by the interviewing CBP officer.
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Your friend should know that an IL supervision counts as a conviction for the purposes of immigration, because it requires an admission of guilt. Even though IL courts and police will not view this as a conviction if supervision is successfully completed, immigration authorities always will. Keep certified dispositions of the case for any future immigration applications.
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Theft, even petty theft, is a crime involving moral turpitude. So YES it can prevent admission. On the other hand, if it is a misdemeanor, and the only CIMT on your friend's records, your friend may qualify for a petty offense waiver. I strongly suggest that your friend consult with an immigration attorney familiar with petty offense waivers.
Dhenu Savla, Esq.
This answer does not create an attorney-client relationship and is not meant to be relied upon as legal advice.