I have re-tagged this so appropriate counsel can weigh in on the larger question of a personal injury suit.
As to a landlord/tenant issue, it sounds like you have the basics of a habitability suit wherein you could ask for a return of the rent paid for the period of time mold was an issue.
Yes you can. However it sounds like the actual damages may be too low to warrant attorney involvement? You should consult a personal injury attorney. Good luck.
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You can sue. A large part of whether you will be successful is if anything you did or did not do was the cause of the mold. If not, and you can demonstrate significant damages arising from the mold you may have a solid case. Did you report it to the owners? Consult with an attorney for a consultation. Best of luck.
I am licensed in California, therefore, my answers are based on general prinicpals of law or California law, which may not be applicable in your jurisdiction. Answers posted to Avvo are for general information only. Do not conclusively rely on any information posted online when deciding what to do about your case. Every case depends is fact dependent, and responses are limited to and is based on the information you posted. No attorney-client relationship shall be created through the use reading of this response on Avvo. You should never delay seeking legal advice, disregard legal advice, or commence or discontinue any legal action because of information in this response.
To be successful in a personal injury action related to mold exposure you generally need to show 1) the specific type of mold that is in your apartment, 2) that you have an allergy to that specific type of mold and 3) damages.
You should also be aware that most insurance policies that landlords purchase have mold exclusions.
I would suggest contacting an attorney and consider bringing a claim for breach of the warranty of habitability- this can cover contract damages (overpaid rent) and personal injuries (mold exposure).
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