I'm not sure any do.
You have to provided evidence of a HD/214 for education and home guaranteed loans. But that doesn't make it a public record.
email@example.com 703-298-9562, 800-401-1583. Answering your question does not create an attorney-client relationship.
Curious, what is the basis of your question? You just want a laundry list of the possible instances where your DD-214 may be made part of a public record?
READ THIS BEFORE CALLING OR EMAILING ME: I am licensed to practice before the state and federal courts in Virginia. We have not established an attorney-client relationship unless we have a signed representation agreement and you have paid me. I give a 100% effort to get you on the right track with your issue. Sometimes that means legal educational information, sometimes that means counseling and non-legal guidance. You should speak with an attorney to whom you have provided all the facts, before you take steps that may impact your legal rights. I am not obligated to answer subsequent emails or phone calls unless you have hired me. I wish you the best of luck with your situation.
Any document that is filed with a court becomes public record in a clerk of court's office unless a judge grants a motion to file under seal. A little more detail may assist in answering your specific questions.
Disclaimer: Transmission or receipt of information does not constitute an attorney-client relationship.