When you are in custody and they are interrogating you.
The above is not intended as legal advice. The response does not constitute the creation of an attorney client relationship as this forum does not provide for a confidential communication.
Miranda warnings only have to be read to you when:
1) you are in custody and not free to leave, and
2) the police want to interrogate you and get incriminating statements from you that they can later use against you.
It is a common misconception out there that Miranda warnings must be read in order for there to be a valid arrest or valid charge. But this is incorrect. It is perfectly legal for the police to question a person who is not in custody and never tell the person anything regarding their right to remain silent.
Police take advantage of the public's poor understanding of this concept. That's why the police will routinely call a suspect and ask him to come down to the station to give a statement. They have every intention of arresting him and getting incriminating statements from him.
BUT IF THE SUSPECT COMES DOWN TO THE STATION VOLUNTARILY, THEN HE IS NOT IN CUSTODY, RIGHT? HE IS FREE TO LEAVE, RIGHT? HE CAME ON HIS OWN, RIGHT? NO MIRANDA WARNINGS NECESSARY! AND EVERYTHING HE SAYS WILL STILL BE USED AGAINST HIM!
Or consider the situation where the police call the suspect and talk to him on the telephone. The suspect is not in custody. The police are recording. No Miranda warnings need to be given.... And everything he says on that phone call can be used against him.
This is why it is so important to remain silent at all times. No matter what, remain silent!
Here in the U.S.A., they still will not torture a suspect to get his statements (usually). But they will certainly trick him, lie to him, and deceive him.
NONE OF THE INFORMATION PROVIDED HERE IS MEANT AS, NOR INTENDED AS LEGAL ADVICE. THE LAW IS CONSTANTLY CHANGING AND INFORMATION DISCUSSED IN THIS BLOG CAN BECOME OUT-DATED WITH THE PASSAGE OF TIME. IF YOU HAVE A LEGAL ISSUE AND NEED LEGAL ADVICE, CALL 623-936-1901 FOR A CONFIDENTIAL LEGAL CONSULTATION WITH AN ATTORNEY.