Are you a U.S. citizen? If so and if he came on a valid visa (even if now expired), you can file your I-130 and I-485 adjustment of status application in the United States and without him returning to his home country. You can apply for a work permit at that time as well. You might want to hire an attorney to help you with this. Good luck!
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since he entered lawfully, he does not need to return. I highly encourage you to speak to an experienced attorney so that you guys have a full understanding of the process
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I agree with my colleagues. There is also a concept called immigrant intent that could come up depending on how and when he entered, and whether he knew at the time that you would be marrying and then seeking residency. I recommend you seek the consul of an immigration attorney to iron out all the details.
Generally it is not a problem to file without leaving the U.S., however it depends on the type of entry he made. Meet with a lawyer in person to get all of the information you need.
The above is intended only as general information, and does not constitute legal advice. You must speak with an attorney to discuss your individual case.
I concur with my colleagues, generally speaking, if you are a citizen and your spouse was lawfully admitted into the U.S., then he should be eligible to adjust his status to a lawful permanent resident without leaving the United States. However, there are some specific issues to be aware of here, and you should contact an attorney to make sure this is set up to be a smooth process.
Since he entered on a visa, he can probably adjust and stay in the US. Have an attorney confirm that the visa that he used will allow this. Even if he used visa waiver, he should be able to adjust in the US without leaving. He can normally renew his passport his country's embassy or consulate in the US.
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