Not always. If a warrant was already issued, no probable cause is needed. Hire a lawyer for your friend right away.
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In Davidson County, wiretaps are used by police and prosecutors almost exclusively in large-scale drug conspiracy cases. In general, the district attorney presents these cases directly to the grand jury and obtains sealed indictments.
If there was a sealed indictment (or an outstanding warrant) on your friend, then he or she could be pulled over at any time.
Given that you mention wiretaps and a million-dollar bond, it is likely that your friend is in jail, charged in a drug conspiracy case. The penalties in these cases are extraordinarily harsh. Your friend needs to speak with an experienced criminal defense attorney.
Agree with others, there is more to this than a stop of a vehicle. You or he needs an attorney ASAP.
Claiborne H. Ferguson, Esq. is
* Certified as a Specialist in Criminal Trial Advocacy by the National Board of Trial Advocacy.
* Certified as a Specialist in Criminal Trial Advocacy by the Tennessee Commission on Continuing Legal
Education and Specialization.
I assume from your question that the defendant was "set up" by an informant and pulled over based on so-called probable cause either based on an outstanding arrest warrant or search warrant that existed PRIOR to the pulling over by the police. I further assume he is in federal court facing a federal drug charge due to the excessive bail bond. He needs the best criminal defense attorney he can afford that practices in federal court in your federal district.
I am trying to give you a general answer to your question. We do not have an attorney-client relationship by this response on the avvo website. I have not been retained to represent you. I am licensed to practice law in Kentucky and in federal court in this state and the Southern District of Indiana. You need to seek legal advice from an attorney licensed to practice in your area..