I'm a Canadian citizen studying medicine abroad (in the Caribbean). As part of my program, I will be moving to the US (Baltimore, MD) to complete the remainder of my medical studies in August 2020. I was curious if my wife (also a Canadian citizen) would be able to move to the US (Maryland) prior to my arrival to set up in advance and find a job to work. What visa, if any, would she need to do this?
If she has a four year college degree, she may be able to get either a TN visa or an H-!B Specialty Occupation Worker visa. Go to www.uscis.gov and search for information on theses visa categories.
To become a permanent resident of the U.S. a person needs an immigrant visa. There are two main types of immigrant visas, family based and employment based. Family based includes U.S. Citizen [and sometimes Lawful Permanent Resident] spouse, parent, brother or sister, or son or daughter over age 21. Most employment based categories require proof that there are not enough U.S. workers available for the job.
There are many different things that would qualify one for a work permit. For example there are asylees, aliens with Temporary Protected Status, applicants for Cancellation of Removal, students during their year of Optional Practical Training, spouses and minor children of J1 visitors, Domestic Servants on B1 visas, spouses and minor children of Treaty Traders and Investors, spouses and children of L1 Transferees, certain H4’s, K1 fiances, K3/K4 spouses and children of US citizens, people paroled in the U.S. in the public interest, Deferred Action status, people under final orders of Supervision, LIFE Act applicants, V Visa holders, and many others.
The above is intended only as general information, and does not constitute legal advice. You must speak with an attorney to discuss your individual case.
It appears that a TN visa would be most suitable for one's purpose under that rationale.
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