Call for a free consultation at 727-937-1400 or visit us on the Web at www.serviceandjustice.com.
You will need to retain a personal injury lawyer. What follows is based on New York law, but the principles are nearly universal. If you plan to sue for Battery and/or Assault, beware that the district might not cover damages, as these intentional acts are undertaken outside the scope of employment. Once the school official launches into an intentional assault or battery, the district will usually disclaim. HOWEVER, a cause of action for negligent hiring and negligent retention will lie against the school and the district along with the relevant personnel. To prove such a case, one must prove that the district knew or had reason to know that this teacher had a propensity for violence.n good luck to you.
We are serious lawyers for the seriously injured. I am a co-author of WEITZ ON AUTOMOBILE LITIGATION: THE NO FAULT HANDBOOK. The opinions expressed in this answer are not legal advice. These opinions are thoughts based on New York practice. We have no attorney-client relationship. Conducting a conversation with me through the avvo comments section does not create an attorney-client relationship. Past results are not necessarily indicative of future performance.
I am not sure why you are looking for an attorney. From your posting it does not sound as if the child is yours. He and his parents can sue the teacher and the district. If the Overland Park Prosecutor believes a crime has been committed they will file a case against the teacher. If the matter is more serious the Johnson County District Attorney's office will file charges in district court. Criminal charges will be prosecuted by the city or state. I do not understand why you are looking for an attorney.
Legal disclaimer: This answer is intended to provide general information about the justice system. It does not provide legal advice nor does it create an attorney-client relationship. It does not provide the basis for making decisions about a course of action. Legal advice requires more communication and information than is possible in this format. Many important considerations and factors need to be investigated and discussed before an attorney could give legal advice about this issue. Before making any decisions about a course of action readers are strongly encouraged to contact a lawyer and secure an attorney-client relationship. Readers must also understand that this format does not provide for confidential communication.
The students may have claims under both federal and state law. Those claims are outlined separately below.
Potential Federal Law Causes of Action
4th and 14th Amendments (via 42 U.S.C. § 1983):
o Public schools may be liable to students for depriving those students of an independently existing federal or constitutional right. 42 U.S.C. § 1983 provides that plaintiffs may seek both monetary damages and injunction relief. There are two potential federal constitutional rights at issue when a public school student is hazed while on school property and/or engaging in school activities: (1) the Fourteenth Amendment right to “bodily integrity,” and (2) the Fourth Amendment right to be free from “unreasonable search and seizure” and “excessive force.”
4th Amendment: This Amendment, applied to state and local governments (including public schools) through the 14th Amendment, guarantees a student’s right to be free from “unreasonable search and seizure” and “excessive force.” Courts have reached different conclusions as to whether this right provides a cause of action for public school students who are victims of hazing.
• Some courts have dismissed hazing claims against public schools after finding that attending a public school and/or participating in a school-sanctioned activity (e.g., football) does not constitute a “seizure” within the 4th Amendment. See, e.g., Reeves v. Besonen & Owendale Gagetown Area Schools, 754 F. Supp. 1135 (E.D. Mich. 1991).
• Other courts have allowed students to allege 4th Amendment violations against public schools when the students show “a pattern of unconstitutional conduct that was participated in by school officials.” See Hilton v. Lincoln-Way High School, 1998 WL 26174 (N.D. Ill. Jan 14, 1998).
14th Amendment: SCOTUS has held that individuals have a constitutionally protected right to “bodily integrity.” When the student sues a public school for violation of this right based on hazing by other students, the student must prove that the school acted with “deliberate indifference” to the hazing by failing to prevent the harm despite its knowledge of prior violent behavior (e.g., past instances of hazing).
• Even if the student makes this allegation, there is still an issue as to whether the school has an affirmative duty to protect the student.
• Some courts have held that public schools do not have an affirmative duty to protect students participating in extracurricular activities, like football, even when school officials are aware of prior instances of hazing. See Reeves v. Besonen & Owendale Gagetown Area Schools, 754 F. Supp. 1135 (E.D. Mich. 1991).
• Other courts have addressed the issue differently, finding that public schools could be liable to a hazed student under a “danger creation” theory. Under this theory, the school could be liable to the student if school officials engaged in “extremely reckless or intentional acts sufficient to create a danger that causes harm to the plaintiff.” Seamons v. Snow, 84 F.3d 1226 (10th Cir. 1996).
Potential State Law Cause of Action:
Negligent Supervision: Some courts have held that school officials have a “duty to supervise” students. If a student can show that the school had a duty to supervise and breached that duty, resulting in a foreseeable harm to the student, the school may be liable under a theory of negligent supervision.
o Some courts have used the theory of negligent supervision to hold schools liable for hazing injuries to students engaged in school athletics. See Rupp v. Bryant, 417 So. 2d 658 (Fla. 1982). These cases generally turn on whether the hazing was foreseeable. A few courts require the school to have actual knowledge of prior instances of hazing, while other courts attribute knowledge to schools even if school officials lacked actual knowledge because “a lack of deportment in unsupervised students is to be expected.” Id.
School’s Potential Defense:
o KTCA Immunity: In Kansas, the Kansas Tort Claims Act limits
Emotional distress caused by personal injury Premises liability for personal injuries Personal injury Personal injury lawsuits Types of personal injuries Assault and personal injury Battery and personal injury Property liability Criminal defense Criminal charges Criminal charges for assault and battery The 4th amendment and criminal defense Defenses for criminal charges Employment Constitutional law Education law Lawsuits and disputes State, local, and municipal law Child abuse Civil rights
Sign up to receive a 3-part series of useful information and advice about personal injury law.