Statute of limitations on a misdemeanor is two years however there is not a time limit to enforce a valid probation violation warrant.
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The answer to your question is two years, however based upon the additional information you provided the statute of limitations may not be the problem. If he missed a court date a bench warrant would be issued and that does not have a statute of limitations. If a probation warrant was issued that may have an expiration date when it will expire, it depends. I would suggest your brother speak to an attorney who practices in Berrien County.