In a nut shell, both state and federal criminal systems are vastly different and have different statuses and sentence ranges as applicable to the same criminal conduct.
If you are in any criminal predicament, please discuss your case in confidence with a licensed professional.
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My colleague's answer is entirely accurate. Be sure regardless of which court your mater is pending in to seek and obtain the assistance of counsel. Good luck.
I thought all students used wikipedia these days; you'll want to search terms like "Federalism" and "mandatory minimum sentences" as some hot topics in these areas and the differences between a State and Federal court. Most crimes are state crimes.
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