Employment law is complicated and fact specific. No one can assess the value of your case based on such scant information.
You may wish to consult with an experienced plaintiffs employment attorney in your state. To find a plaintiffs employment attorney in your area, please go to the web site of the National Employment Lawyers Association (NELA). NELA is the largest and most influential bar association in the country for attorneys who represent working people. The web site is www.nela.org, and you can search for attorneys by location and practice area.
Also, NELA has affiliates in every state and in many cities. On the NELA web site, you can look at the list of affiliates. Some attorneys will be listed in the affiliate membership list, some in the national organization membership list, and some in both. Being listed in one or both lists should not influence your selection because attorneys can choose whether or not to purchase the listing in the national directory. Each local affiliate has its own rules for listing.
I hope you can resolve your situation and wish you the best.
*** All legal actions have time limits, called statutes of limitation. If you miss the deadline for filing your claim, you will lose the opportunity to pursue your case. Please consult with an experienced employment attorney as soon as possible to better preserve your rights. *** Marilynn Mika Spencer provides information on Avvo as a service to the public, primarily when general information may be of assistance. Avvo is not an appropriate forum for an in-depth response or a detailed analysis. These comments are for information only and should not be considered legal advice. Legal advice must pertain to specific, detailed facts. No attorney-client relationship is created based on this information exchange. *** Marilynn Mika Spencer is licensed to practice law before all state and federal courts in California, and can appear before administrative agencies throughout the country. She is eligible to represent clients in other states on a pro hac vice basis. ***
You need to talk with a local employment attorney for a credible evaluation of the value of any claim that you may make. But, please, don't get wedded to the idea of a $300,000 recovery. That amount will not happen on these facts, not even if every single thing in the whole course of the case were to go your way -- a very rare scenario.
Damages calculations usually start with the amount of wages that you were earning and go forward from there based on specific concrete losses (value of employment benefits, etc.). It is rare for external circumstances of financial hardship to be compensated and claims of emotional distress are also not ordinarily specifically included in the calculation. You have a duty to mitigate your damages by making legitimate and documentable efforts to find equivalent or better alternative employment.
Given that your former employer was a chain -- presumably a successful corporation -- you should anticipate a vigorous opposition to your claim. On the facts of this claim, you cannot count on your former employer wanting an early or quick settlement.
The EEOC is not your attorney in this matter and is not particularly well-skilled or well-equipped to resolve this matter in your favor. Many employment attorneys offer an initial consultation with no fee, and many employment cases are handled by attorneys without up-front payment by the client. There is no reason for you to be guessing at the potential recovery amount, relying on the EEOC, or going it alone. Check out www.nela.org for a good comprehensive listing of attorneys who practice in this field.
My responses to questions on Avvo are never intended as legal advice and must not be relied upon as legal advice. I give legal advice only in the course of an attorney-client relationship. Exchange of information through Avvo's Questions forum does not establish an attorney-client relationship with me. That relationship is established only by individual consultation and execution of a written agreement for legal services.
Don't expect to receive a 300k check, as they defend these cases vigorously. Search Avvo for a discrimination lawyer in your city to discuss the facts and circumstances.
Philadelphia Personal Injury Lawyer. www.InjuryLawyerPhiladelphia.com
There are generally three types of damages that you could get in a Title VII discrimination or retaliation claim. First, if you were fired, you can get back pay. That is the money you would have made from the time you were terminated to the present. You allege a constructive discharge which is very difficult to prove in this state due to case law. Also, any interim earnings (from another job) are deducted from that amount and you are legally required to search for another job. Second, you can get emotional distress and punitive damages. These damages combined cannot exceed $300,000 if your employer has more than 500 employees. I can tell you from 15 years of handling these cases that a North Carolina jury is extremely unlikely to ward anywhere near that type of money even if you prove a Title VII violation. Finally, you can get attorneys fees and costs.
However, all of that contingent on you moving through the EEOC investigation, filing a lawsuit and then winning at trial. The EEOC process after mediation is likely to last at least a year. The lawsuit will take another 18 months to 2 years on top of that. From the company's perspective, there is no need to consider such large damages at this early stage even if you have great evidence to support your claim.
I recommend that you contact an employment attorney to get advise as to a reasonable range for you to demand and to accept during the mediation.
Kirk J. Angel is an experienced North Carolina licensed attorney who focuses his practice on employment law. Mr. Angel, who has focused on employment law for more than 14 years, represents clients throughout North Carolina and more information about him is available at www.theangellawfirm.com This response is for general informational purposes and does not constitute legal advice. Additionally, this response does not create an attorney client relationship. If you need legal advice, please contact a lawyer in your state who practices in the appropriate area.