I have a hearing date with the Immigration court in January of 2016 on my request for asylum. Between now and my hearing, what is my immigration status and is there any document I have or can get that states my status.
You are pending removal, and your status paper is your hearing notice and Notice to Appear. You can get nothing else.
Your status is that you are an undocumented immigrant with a pending application for relief. Unless you do something that renders you ineligible for asylum (i.e. a very serious crime), you are protected from removal until your case is concluded. Additionally, most asylum applicants are eligible for work authorization 6 months after they filed their asylum application with an immigration judge. You may very well be eligible for other forms of relief such as DACA or adjustment of status, but it is impossible to say without doing an thorough initial consult.
As others have posted, a pending asylum application does not offer any "status." Unless you have some other status that is currently valid (for example, you are maintaining student status and conditions in your home country changed to where you did not believe you could safely return so you applied for asylum) you do not have status. It is a rather problematic concern with asylum applicants who can become stuck in limbo for years.
This is not legal advice. This response does not establish an attorney-client relationship.
I agree with the previous answers. However, you should note that if your asylum hearing is pending wihtout a decision for 180 days you may be eligible for a work permit. Once your case has been pending for 150 you may apply for a work permit, but would not be eligible to receive it until the full 180 days has passed. Unfortunately the counting of the 150 days or the "clock" can be stopped if you fail to appear at a hearing, request an adjournment of a hearing, fail to appear for fingerprints or for certain other reasons. Once the clock has been stopped, immigration stops counting the 150 days, which could prevent you from applying for the work permit at all. Once the clock has been stopped it is very difficult to get it running again.
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