Green card holder
A conviction typically means that your were adjudicated guilty by the judge. When the judge carries out the sentence they have the authority to adjudicate you or to withhold adjudication. Adjudication is often withheld for 1st time offenders unless it is a DUI or a serious offense or if you were found guilty by a jury.
The definition of "conviction" varies. For immigration purposes, a conviction occurs at the time of a guilty plea, regardless of whether a sentence is ever carried out. For criminal court purposes, I always explain that a guilty plea/verdict + sentence = conviction.
Given that you are a green card holder & you posted your question in "Credit Card Fraud," I highly suggest contacting an immigration attorney in your area well ahead of deadline to renew your green card. There are certain ways to mitigate the damage done by a conviction for immigration purposes & only a professional in your area can walk you through them.
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