Since the most recent ICE policy, unless there are criminal or fraud issues, if adjustment is denied, the immigrant is not necessarily placed in removal proceedings, although that can certainly happen and back 6 -7 years ago was a norm (but as I said not recently). If the officer suspects marriage fraud, typically the case is referred for a second interview.
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If your question is whether the beneficiary would be then placed in removal proceedings or arrested by ICE, it might happen.
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You cannot fail an interview. If you did not meet your burden of proof, USCIS would normally first send a notice of intent to deny. They can also refer the file to an investigator. This could cause delays of many years in some cases and you will have to wait for a decision then.
The above is intended only as general information, and does not constitute legal advice. You must speak with an attorney to discuss your individual case.
You describe a classic case of insufficient legal assistance that resulted in a denial of the immigration benefit. Now, even if you elect to retain a very experienced counsel, the task would be still more difficult to convince the USCIS as the prior denial is already on record. In my professional opinion, it is always easier to prepare a case from the beginning then attempt to rectify prior mistakes.
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Failing to provide information at time of the interview, versus prior to the interview are two separate issues which seem to be independent of one another, so this is very confusing because it does not seem to indicate one case, but two separate cases. In any event, under the current policy, ICE will not be contacted by USCIS unless there is a fraud/criminal issue with the matter. If a denial took place, there should be an ability to reopen or present additional documentation to overcome the issue if a NOID was issued.
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