It is probably charged as assault or bullying, but that will be up to the prosecutor and it is hard to guess from here.
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I don't practice in GA, but in my state, KY, the 18 year old adult would he charged with Assault IV, a class A misdemeanor carrying up to 12 months in jail, a max. fine of $500.00, plus court costa of approx. $135.00. He could also be charged with Terroristic Threating, another class A misdemeanor. Depending on all the facts, if it is the 18 year olds first offense, he will probably receive a probated jail sentence in adult court. Maybe counseling. If he has a prior record, more serious consequences.
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A simple assault charge in Georgia is a misdemeanor. If the 18 year old has no prior encounters with the police, he will likely be offered pre-trial diversion, where he would probably have to do anger management classes, community service, and pay court costs and the charge would be dismissed.
Under the facts that you've given, a felony cruelty to children charge is highly unlikely and the misdemeanor charge is not applicable to this situation.
It's possible a prosecutor might do that. But anyone here would be guessing. The prosecutor is the only person who can tell you what he plans to do in the case.
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