There is always the possibility one can be jailed on a finding that one willfully violated an order of support. At your trial, you must prove: (1) you lost your job through no fault of your own, and (2) you've made diligent efforts to find new work commensurate with your prior job. You will not generally be successful proving either element with just your say-so. You need documents showing you were laid-off, and you need to produce a job search diary recording 30-40 efforts to find work every week. For a full assessment, schedule a consultation with a Bronx Child Support lawyer.
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Your lawyer is in the best position to advise you because he/she knows your case best.
A Judge can incarcerate someone for not paying child support. I suggest you try hard to find a new job and document your efforts to show the court.
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This requires a detailed discussion but you ask too many questions.
The Fed supplies the states with welfare money and the states must show child support enforcement. You are being enforced. Losing a job will not lower your payments but you can ask the mother to consent to take lower payments - an unconstitutional delegation of a court's power to a litigant.
You cannot be jailed without a petition from mom filed and served. You can defend by bringing in boxes of documents that show your heroic job search efforts but the state is not going to diminish its federal stream of welfare funding for you. So in any child support scenario, the court participates as a member of the state preserving the state's position in the transaction. Simplified procedures facilitate all this.
Are you in trouble? Sure. Are there ways out? Sure. Get your kid back.