A usufruct over land is the right to use the land and any "fruits" that come from the land. Fruits can be either natural or civil. Natural fruits are products of the earth or animals. Civil fruits are things such as rentals, interest or corporate distributions. The usufruct usually ends with the death of the usufructuary (the person that owns the usufruct.) If you own land subject to the usufruct, you are considered a "naked owner." A naked owner still owns the land, but you must not interfere with the usufructuary's use and enjoyment of the land. You can sell your naked ownership of the land, but it will still be subject to the usufruct for the duration of the usufruct.
Your rights as the "naked owner" of the land will depend on the nature and scope of the usufruct. If you believe the usufructuaries (the two people who have the usufruct) are acting in a manner that is adverse to you, I suggest that you consult with an estate planning or real estate attorney. He or she will be able to review the documents associated with the land and give you a thorough explanation of your rights under those documents.
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