A case closed means that it is no longer pending. However, please call the county clerk back and ask what the case official disposition was. If the case was SOL (stricken on leave) or dismissed, that means the charges were dropped. Make sure that you understand how the case ended. If still confused seek assistance with a local criminal defense attorney in Miami, Florida.
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As I understand your question, you were detained by one of our local law enforcement agencies, or Miami-Dade County's Police Department, and rather than arrest and book you, the officer(s) wrote you a citation and provided you with what is known as a "Promise to Appear". First, a brief word of good, general advice. I practice in South Florida, primarily Miami-Dade and Broward Counties, and a pretty fair bit in Palm Beach County, as well. Irrespective of where you were detained, anywhere in the country..it really doesn't matter, if you are given the benefit of the doubt and given a "PTA", go to Court. If sounds likely that the State's Attorney's Office decided not to file charges at the time of your arraignment setting, but that is not a certainty. Had you gone, you would know, with certainty, what occurred. You need to find an attorney to verify how the case was disposed. At the very least, call the Clerk of the Courts. Generally, that annotation means the case was dropped by the State of Florida, but some Clerks use that shorthand as a catch-all which could include a Bench Warrant, or Alias Capias. You do not want to find out the hard way. My name is David B. Dohner, Esq., and my number is (305) 972-5720. Along with myself, there are many well-qualified attorneys who are on AVVO. Get in touch with one of us and get this straightened out with certainty. You do not want to be out on a Friday night; get stopped for a bad tail light and find out that...you are going to jail, because there is a two year old Bench Warrant in the system. And next time, if there is one, please go to Court. Good luck.
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Call the clerk and ask.
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