Skip to main content

What are the rules about witnesses?

Pompano Beach, FL |

I am pro se in a civil case and informed the other party's attorney about my witnesses. Now what? Can he contact them and talk to them or can he only talk to them in a depo? My witnesses are customers of the other party and don't want to speak with opposing counsel unless under subpoena. Also, do I have to disclose any contact or conversations I have with my witnesses?

+ Read More

Attorney answers 3

Best Answer

Nothing prohibits him from talking to the witnesses. However, they are not compelled to talk with him unless he subpoenas them to a deposition.

You should not advise the witnesses to not speak with the other lawyer. Be careful regarding your discussions with the witnesses. Remember that "tampering with the witness" is a crime.

You are not required to disclose any contact or conscious conversations you have with your witnesses. However, either you or the witnesses could be asked those questions during deposition or trial and answers could be compelled.

This is a summary based on incomplete facts. You should not rely on it as legal advise. No attorney-client relationship is intended to be formed. You may call me 772-562-4570; email me, or visit my website


An attorney is free to contact non-party fact witnesses. There is no requirement for subpoena or deposition.

If this answer was helpful, please mark it as helpful or as a best answer. This answer is for general education purposes only. It neither creates an attorney-client relationship nor provides legal guidance or advice. The answer is based on the limited information provided and the answer might be different had additional information been provided. You should consult an attorney.


If the witnesses are reliable and trustworthy, to your knowledge and you have not coerced them, scripted them nor paid them anything, they should have no problem talking to the other side's lawyer and the lawyer has the right to contact them to find out what they know and will say on your behalf. They have the choice to talk to your opponent or not. For either side to record sworn testimony prior to trial the witnesses should be subpoenaed and deposed. For unsworn testimony a recorded statement or sign written statement can be given but only if the witness consents. In other words, if your witnesses don't want to talk to your opponent, they don't have to unless subpoenaed. I'm confident this is the procedure in Florida as well as my state. If you want everything to be done correctly, it is always best not to represent yourself, even if you were a lawyer. You know the saying: A lawyer representing himself has a fool for a client.

This answer is not intended to be legal advice in a lawyer/client relationship. Misunderstanding of the answer or use of the answer for any illegal purpose is not the responsibility of the writer. The answer to any question in the Avvo website is constrained by the limited content of the question, an incomplete description of the facts underlying the question or a wrongful motivation for the question.