What are some subtle differences between the two?
Depends on the context. They are amorphous concepts. Most of the time, the differences are so subtle that nobody can really define them.
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Reasonable suspicion is seen as more than a guess or hunch. Probable cause is the logical belief, supported by facts and circumstances, that a crime has been, is being, or will be committed. For example, reasonable suspicion is when a cop sees a car swerving back and forth, unable to stay in it's lane. Because the officer has reasonable suspicion that the driver may be under the influence he can pull the car over. Probable cause is when the cop pulls that car over and smells alcohol on the driver's breath, asks the driver to get out and perform field sobriety tests in which the driver fails, then there is probable cause to arrest the driver.
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