If you are currently in valid non immigrant status, and your asylum case is denied, you will continue in non immigrant status. If you have already been out of status or fail to maintain your non immigrant status, the asylum office will refer your case to an Immigration Judge for further adjudication of your request for asylum. It's important to maintain your non immigrant status at all times.
As long as you remain in valid nonimmigrant status, nothing will happen if your asylum is denied at USCIS. if you are not in valid status, your case would be referred to immigration court for removal proceedings, in which you could assert the asylum claim before the immigration judge anew.
You will be deported if at the time of final decision on your asylum claim you don't have an Immigration status, or any other defenses to the deportation. Consult with an Immigration attorney.
Att. number 917-885-2261 This advice does not create an attorney client relationship. No specific legal advice may be offered by the lawyer until a conflicts check is undertaken. Information sent through a web form or via email may not be treated as confidential. Please accept my apologies for spelling mistakes. Law Office of Alena Shautsova , New York Immigration Attorney http://www.shautsova.com Blog: http://www.russianspeakinglawyerny.com
If you currently carry a valid status. Being denied on Asylum application will not cause you to leave the country. You will be referred to immigration court.
I would speak with an Attorney in your area.
Your particular situation may be different. This answer is intended for information purposes only. No Attorney-Client relationship has been established.