This is a murky area of the law. The purpose of these dogs is to detect what the human nose cannot. So the ability of the UPD officer to smell contraband is not the issue here.
Were the dog certified already the answer would be an unqualified yes. The positive signal from a certified dog is probable cause to search. The use of a dog still in training is less certain and frankly would really have to shake out at a suppression motion hearing. Thus, the student would have to refuse entry, the UPD would have to conduct their search, find contraband, and the student would have to file a motion to suppress.
the state would then have to establish how reliable that particular dog's track record was as to why UPD officers reliance on the signal was reasonable.
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