the 4th amendment
Unless the police have a search warrant or an exception to the warrant requirement you have the right to refuse to let them search.
My response to your question is a generic response and should not be construed as controlling to your case. I can not effectively advise about your case without knowing all the facts. Additionally, my response does not create an attorney-client relationship. You can contact my office to schedule an appointment if you would like to have me represent you.
You are not required to consent to a search of your vehicle or home. The police need a search warrant or an exception to the warrant requirement to search without your consent. There are many more exceptions with respect to a car than your home. All of that being said, you cannot physically prevent the police from conducting a search. You can make your objections known, but if the police intend to search you cannot stop them. The time to contest the legality of the search is after the fact with the assistance of a lawyer. If you try to stop a search at the time it is being conducted, you will get yourself arrested. Thus, you can politely ask the police to see the warrant. If they don't have one, you can tell them clearly that you do not consent to the search. Then, stand aside and do what you are told.
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