Claims are barred four months after the date of the first publication notice. However, if a creditor was reasonably ascertainable, then that creditor must receive actual notice. A creditor that was reasonably ascertainable has 30 days from the date of receiving actual notice or four months from the date of the first publication notice, whichever is later, to file a claim.
So, although the waiting period is 4 months, if a reasonable ascertainable creditor received late notice, that would potentially lengthen the waiting period another 30 days.
In addition to my colleagues' answers, I'd just like to add that just because the creditors' claim period is over does not mean that all the business of a probate is finished. That depends entirely on what else there is to do.
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Ms. Silva has given a very accurate summary of the creditor claim timeframe, etc., which is the question you asked. Mr. Elder, however, correctly notes that there are many other factors involved in the timeframe for the completion of a probate. Sometimes the estate can be open for years, depending on the situation. I think the "winner" I've seen in my career is almost sixteen years. That case involved the need to pay estate tax in installments and to sell many, many pieces of real property.