The officer chose not to formally arrest him, but gave him a citation instead. He can fight the ticket the same way he could do if he was actually arrested. The judge will more than likely have him turn himself in to be "processed" (fingerprints, etc). Contact a lawyer to try to get his record saved.
Well, not really. A citation is a formal criminal charge, just like an accusation or an indictment. An arrest is a seizure or forcible restraint, or the taking or keeping of a person in custody by a legal authority in response to a criminal charge. Even if he was not arrested, he was definitely "charged."
Yes, they can do this to him. Yes, he should appeal.
You did not ask about a lawyer, but you should hire the best lawyer you can afford to defend him.
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The problem is he was charged which seems to violate the school's policy. He was lucky he was only ticketed and not arrested s this is not on his criminal record. He needs to make sure he doesn't get convicted of this because it will suspend his drivers license for 6 months, and this is a hard suspension meaning there's no limited permit form work or school. Also, a controlled substance conviction would jeopardize his getting into schools, scholarships (including Hope), and future employment opportunities.
James L. Yeargan, Jr. is licensed to practice law in the State of Georgia. All information given is based only on Georgia law, and is not directly applicable to any other jurisdictions, states, or districts. Any answer given assumes the person who asked the question holds a Georgia Drivers License, and this license is not a commercial drivers license (CDL). This response, or any response, is not legal advice. This response, or any response, does not create an attorney/client relationship. The response is in the form of legal education and is intended to provide general information. Any state specific concerns should be directed to an attorney who is licensed to practice law in that respective state.