It appears that the arrest here was on federal land. That usually means that the traffic and criminal matters will be brought before a federal magistrate or district judge as a bench (no-jury) trial. I would confirm that with a local attorney, but that is what would occur here in Georgia. The question of whether the officer can proceed upon the underlying charge is YES, assuming there is sufficient proof that the offense really occurred, versus the officer making a pullover based on a hunch or speculation of a possible offense. Many officers are under "quota" requirements wherein they must make X number of arrests per day or week or month, and the failure to do so can cause them to be reassigned to less desirable duty.
From a civil standpoint, if ALL charges are ultimately resolved in your favor, contact several experienced attorneys who handle civil litigation in your state to ask if the case has merit, AND whether the case will have a sufficient chance of financial recovery that the case can be reasonably pursued. Don't expect a civil attorney to take the case on a contingency fee IF there is no reasonable chance that he or she will see a financial return on his or her work. Someone skilled in litigation MAY be willing to help you for a fixed payment of some type, to be applied against a contingency.
You gave an arrest date of October 2007. As it is currently April 2008, your arrest may be more than 180 days ago. If there is any possibility that you can sue a public entity, you must comply with the appropriate claims statute and file a claim with the public agency within 180 days of the injury.
I recommend that you immediately contact the arresting agency and request a claims form. Failure to file a timely claim usually precludes all lawsuits.
Without knowing more about your situation, it is difficult to predict the legal merits of your suit. I recommend that you consult an experienced civil rights attorney in the Central District of Calfiornia, the federal court district where your case is located.
You may want to consider filing a motion for a factual finding of innocence with the court. As part of the motion, you would ask for a sealing and destroying of the arrest record. This should take care of your career concerns.
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