Take the job offer. These cases are extremely hard to prove and based on your facts presented you may be at the edge but only the edge. I see no religious discrimination here based on your facts. The company can demand that you take a break every work day and just because you decided to work through yours because you were fasting does not entitle you to be paid unless you got prior permission. You could have easily taken this time to pray instead.
I agree with Mr. Carter. Are there any other behaviors that your managers/supervisors engage in that makes you think you're being treated differently because of your religion?
My discussion with you regarding the question you posted on Avvo does not create an attorney-client relationship, nor is my response to your question to be considered legal advice. While I do my best to provide helpful responses given the factual scenario presented, proper analysis of any matter requires a more in-depth conversation than what is practical on Avvo. If you are a member of the military, or if an immediate family member of yours lost his or her life while fighting for our country, I am proud to offer a 10% discount on my fee.
I wrote an article about religious discrimination and in the context of Ramadhan and a link to that article is below.
You question raises a number of areas of concern and some areas that probably would not rise to the level of unlawful discrimination. But both should be discussed with an employment attorney. However, in my experience as an employment lawyer handling these sorts of claims, if you can avoid the uncertainty and frustrations that come with litigation because you have another job offer that is equal or better than your current situation, it is better to accept the offer and the certainty of having a job. Please note, however, that resigning from your current position may make it difficult if you were to later decide to file suit for unlawful discrimination, but that is something you would need to discuss with an attorney. Best to you going forward.
I'm licensed to practice law in Michigan (www.shinnlegal.com). My response is provided only to educate the public about general issues that should be discussed with competent legal counsel in your state. Under no circumstances should you consider my response as a substitute for consulting an attorney in order to fully understand how the law may apply to your specific and unique circumstances.