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Price switching can be either charged as petty theft (loss under $900) or grand theft, but is correctly charged as attempted petty theft since the store knows about the price switch.
In any event, any statements made to Costco will be turned over to the police. I recommend you hiring an attorney to talk to the atore.
Shoplifting is petty theft. However, neither Costco nor any other commercial organization has the ability to "press" charges. Only the District Attorney can charge you with a crime. Of course, Costco could file a police report which the police could then forward to the DA. But, the DA is under no obligation whatsoever to follow up on it by filing charges.
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Price switching is likely attempted theft as property was not actually taken but there likely is intent and a sufficient act to rise to attempted theft. Certsinty since Costco has this seriously, your family member should. Also your query seems to suggest that Costco believes this price switching was not a one time episode and may have occurred repeatedly with prior incidences resulting in property, re-labeled with different prices, actually being scanned and leaving the store. If this occurred - and costco definitely has the electronic records tying the consumer to the purchases and corresponding video surveillance - the government could charge your friend with burglary for the prior incidences as the repeated pattern of conduct circumstantially proves the intent to steal items was formed before entering the store (which is burglary). Your friend should never enter Costco again. Your friend should never speak to law enforcement. Your friend should hire an attorney asap