This refers to the Oregon sentencing guidelines. Oregon has a grid for determining criminal sentences, based upon the severity of the crime on one axis, and the criminal history of the defendant on the other. Schedule 11 offenses are the most serious crimes.
It seems rather strange to me that a jail would say that they 'take' only such prisoners. In general, a jail holds either suspects who have been arrested and accused of a crime, but not yet convicted; or inmates convicted of a non-felony crime, serving a term of less than a year. For most schedule 11 offenses, I would imagine that the sentence would be greater than a year, requiring incarceration in a prison.
But then, it also seem rather strange that you would call a jail to ask about this. There's obviously more going on here than is stated, which is fine (you shouldn't post personally identifying information here). I hope this helps.
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