You can try filing a form I-821 with USCIS, attaching a copy of the I-130 approval notice. You should include a cover letter explaining that your husband doesn't qualify for AOS and that you would like consular processing to be started by transferring his file to the NVC.
That being said, I highly recommend you consult with a reputable attorney in your area before you do any of this. An attorney will have additional resources to make sure the case gets moving again. It might not be quick, but it's possible.
Also, I agree with my colleague that your husband might qualify for a provisional waiver. Since waivers are complicated and there is a specific order in which things must be done, having an experienced attorney would be best. You can find one using the link below. Good luck!
[This answer is for general purposes only; it does not constitute advice and does not establish an attorney-client relationship.]
All you have to do is contact USCIS and ask them to forward the petition approval to the NVC for consular processing. That being said, he may qualify for the new provisional waiver in the US if he's here. Make sure you do a consultation with a qualified attorney before you contact the NVC just to make sure!
For a FREE consultation, call at 305-401-2123. The answer provided is general in nature. Because not all facts are known, it should not be construed as legal advice. The answer does not create an attorney-client relationship.
Don't worry too much. Sooner or later you'll get a letter from USCIS or NVC explaining that your husband doesn't qualify for AOS in the US and that his case (after the I-130 being approved) has been forwarded to the National Visa Center for consular processing abroad, but that you will need to file the extreme hardship,waiver here first, etc.
Your lawyer should have explained all this to you. If you are not happy with his services, then hire another lawyer specializing in waivers.
Behar Intl. Counsel 619.234.5962 Kindly be advised that the answer above is only general in nature cannot be construed as legal advice, given that not enough facts are known. It is your responsibility to retain a lawyer to analyze the facts specific to your particular situation in order to give you specific advice. Specific answers will require cognizance of all pertinent facts about your case. Any answers offered on Avvo are of a general nature only, and are not meant to create an attorney-client relationship.
You need another lawyer. Sorry to hear about your experience with the current lawyer but lawyers are like everything else, there are good ones and bad ones; in your case I think your assessment is correct that he cannot be trusted. From your description, there are many thing that could be done for your husband.
Definitely consult with an attorney because thanks to the provisional waiver that just became effective this March 2013, your husband maybe eligible to seek a waiver in the US. Because your husband entered the US unlawfully, if he were to return to his country to continue with the consular processing, he's most likely looking at a 10 year bar. The situation can be complicated to understand, try consulting with an attorney that dedicates their practice mainly to immigration.