Does your partnership provide for how you can buy the other partner out? I guess it's academic if neither has the money to buy the other out, but maybe he can qualify for a loan or find an investor to buy you out, and maybe whatever you may have provided for in terms of an appraisal or valuation would provide some guidance.
This is more of a business question than a legal one, and the only legal part of this is to review the parties' partnership agreement.
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I'm not a California attorney. You should consult with a CA business law attorney to see what legal options you have to leave the business. You may also want to consider consulting with a commercial real estate agent who can connect you with interested buyers.
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Your problem is partly legal and partly commercial. A buy-sell agreement between you on the common subjects of death, disability and "retirement" would have pre-set formula to "force" and calculate a buyout. However, no money is no money, and no buyer for the restaurant as a whole does would not be solved by a written agreement. There is no simple answer. You might consider "mediation" which attempts to find a win-win scenario to avoid legal disputes.
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Getting out of the partnership is straightforward - you can dissolve it. Please see the post at the link below.
Getting your money out of the restaurant is a different, more difficult issue. One approach would be to sell your half to your partner, who will be obligated to make payments over time. Of course, if the restaurant continues to have financial difficulties, you may not receive those payments.
This information does not constitute legal advice and does not establish an attorney-client relationship.