Your friend's "mandated reporter" obligation is in the context of her role as a high school teacher. Thus, if the information regarding the 16 year old student came to her in that context she MUST report. If she does not, she may face serious consequences herself. If she has proof (real proof) of an illegal sexual relationship between her husband and a 16 year old, she should report it regardless of how she obtained such proof.
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If the child he had sex with was 16, your friends husband is in the eyes of the law a rapist, and sexual predator. It is because of her children that she should turn him in if she has proof. If she can't bring herself to turn him in, then she should give the information to someone else who will, and who will act independently of her. She's in a tough spot, but she knows what she has to do. If the husband is also a teacher, she needs to contact the administration.
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I agree with the prior responder's with one addition. If your friend fails to report it, then later if it comes up possibly it could be used against her as far as whether she is competent to protect her own children.
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