If you were emancipated in November 2011, then he probably has the right under an order or an agreement you seem to be referencing to claim you as a dependent.
I'm not sure what you mean about "fight to get it back for [yourself]." Next year, at tax time, this shouldn't be an issue any longer. You should speak with a tax attorney or an accountant if you still have questions about the situation.
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emancipation deals with a declaration of majority.
Majority is normally reached at 18. Even a 20, 21, 22, etc year old can be a dependent if they lived with the provider and was provided over 50% of their support. Is that the case in this instance?
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I agree that the larger issue is whether you provide more than half of your own support. If you do, nobody can claim you.
I agree that if you were emancipated in November 2011 then for the 2011 tax year he might be able to continue to claim you as a dependent if he provided for 50 percen tof your support through the year. In 2012 he should not claim you if he is not providing you with support. However, you should not feel that this effects your own tax filing. If you are not receiving support from you father and are working and supporting yourself then you should file in that manner. If you file your returns based upon your actual situation as advised by your accountant then you should not be concerned with his tax returns. If there is an audit, then it will be up to him to prove that he provides you with support, but there is nothing for you to "fight to get back". See an accountant and file your taxes in compliance with your income and expenses.
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