If you have a vet bill, you can sue in small claims court.
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Your long run on sentence is a bit difficult to understand.It appears from your statement that your neighbors negligently confined their dog and allowed it to run loose, attacking your cat on your property. Do I have that correct? Assuming this is correct, you could sue the owners of the dog in Small Claims Court. Check to see if your local area has a leash law or other statute that may have been violated. Such a violation can be prima facie evidence of the neighbor's negligence and help you prove your case. Depending upon your State common law or statutes, you may have to prove that the neighbor knew that this dog had a tendency to be vicious or show that this dog has previously attacked other animals or people.Some states have abolished this common-law requirement of prior knowledge of dangerousness. You should attempt to ascertain the status of the law in your jurisdiction.
If you can determine whether your neighbor has homeowner's or renters insurance, you should submit your claim to the carrier before going to the expense and aggravation of suing these people.
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I am so sorry to hear about the injuries to your cat. You may indeed have a claim against the dog's owner. Important facts include if the dog was trespassing on your property and/or if the dog had a history of attacks. And, as noted, you will need to establish proof: did you witness the attack, for example? Best of luck to you and, again, I am so sorry for you and your cat.