You should consult a CPA or tax account to determine if you can or have to because you probably purchased equipment and supplies for the business.
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Check with your accountant. If no income, may not be required to file, but if you made investments, purchased depreciable assets, etc. and taxed as partnership may want to file to pass through those deductions.
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Yes, you should file a schedule C on your 1040 for 2017. Since you did not do any business it would be a "0" on the schedule C. This way the New Jersey Division of Taxation will not be looking for a tax return for 2017 which is the year that you started your business.
I hope this helps!
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