Tenant was aparently under investigation and, his friend, the alderman of the city was looking for a way to get out of pending charges against himself. Tenant became aware of the cameras after a lady working for the police informed him of the placement in the bathroom and throughout the apartment and activity that took place in the apartment that was apparently recorded. The 4th Amendment does GUARANTEE citizens of the United States the REASONABLE EXPECTATION OF PRIVACY especially in their own homes....there is no possible exception, right?
The fourth amendment applies to the government. If the police placed the cameras (unlikely), they would need a warrant to do so. If your landlord did it on his own, he did not violate the fourth amendment, but he probably violated laws pertaining to invasion of privacy. Consult with a Wisconsin attorney.
This answer is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended as the practice of law in any jurisdiction in which I am not licensed. The answer does not constitute legal advice nor does it create an attorney-client relationship. The answer is based only on the information provided, and may be inaccurate in the context of additional facts that have not been provided. The questioner should be aware that I am only licensed to practice law in the state and federal courts of Minnesota. Accordingly, before taking any action or refraining from taking any action, the questioner should consult with an attorney licensed to practice in his or her jurisdiction.
The 4th Amendment guarantees citizens "to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures." Although people do have a reasonable expectation of privacy in their homes, the police may conduct searches of the home, in person, by video surveillance, or other means, with a valid warrant or with consent. Those two are pretty rock solid (of course, there's always a question of whether the warrant was valid or if the consent was valid).
So it's possible the video cameras are permissible, but it's also possible they are not. You may want to hire a lawyer to specifically advise you about this situation.
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