I was sued for breach of contract, but the case was eventually "dismissed without prejudice to refiling". Is there a time limit within which the plaintif has to refile. After this time limit is over, can the plaintif sue again for the same reasons?
The "without prejudice" language means that the plaintiff can sue again on the same facts for the same reasons. There is no particular time limit related to the dismissal of the previous suit. In other words, it's not the case that the plaintiff only has 60 days to file another suit, for example. The statute of limitations for the lawsuit for breach of contract generally runs out after 4 years from the date the contract was breached.
I am licensed only in Texas. Offering information of a general nature in response to a question is not intended to be legal advice in your state.
Yes, there is a time limit in the form of whatever statute of limitations applies to your case, probably four years. When a lawsuit is dismissed without prejudice, the applicable statute of limitations continues to run just as if the lawsuit had never been filed.
To answer your second question, yes, the plaintiff can sue you again at any time. The courthouse is open to all citizens. Anyone can sue anyone at any time and for any reason and without first proving anything. However, suing is one thing and winning is another. If the plaintiff sues you after limitations has run - or at any other time - you will need promptly to hire a lawyer to file a written answer to the lawsuit. If limitations has run, he or she will plead the the affirmative defense of limitations, as required, and you will probably win on that basis.
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