Bankruptcy was designed to give the debtor a fresh start, and often it is a great relief. If bankruptcy is the right solution, your spouse will generally not be liable for your debts.
Keep in mind that bankruptcy will not relieve you of all of your debts, particularly taxes and -- in most cases -- student loan debt. Your next step should be to call an experienced bankruptcy attorney in your area.
That way, you'll obtain the right advice for your particular situation and you can start planning for your own fresh start. For more general information, you can visit the Bankruptcy Court's website.
Debt consolidation won't work for you because you don't have income to fund a plan. It seems like bankruptcy is an alternative you need to explore. You probably can't get rid of your student loan or taxes, but you probably can erase your credit card and business debt. From the information you have provided I think you can do this without any real effect on your husband, but further review of your situation is needed to conclusively answer that question.