Generally speaking a claim for malicious prosecution can only be sustained against a law enforcement authority (the prosecution and the police). There may be some exceptions but you should speak to an attorney as a suit of such nature is extremely complicated. Keep in mind that in pursuing a cause of action for malicious prosecution, it must be precisely that – malicious. There is no cognizable claim for negligent prosecution and prosecutors enjoy immunity for that. There is also a one year statute of limitations from when the underlying criminal case was terminated favorably for you.
A claim of malicious prosecution vests against a party bringing a legal action, not filing a false report. A prosecutor unknowingly acting in good faith based on a false report is not maliciously prosecuting anyone. A criminal claim of false reporting may vest against the other parties and you may have civil claims for defamation. You should consult with a local attorney to evaluate your options. Good luck.
I have been licensed to practice in the State of Oregon since 1990. I am not offering legal advice regarding your question, only general information regarding the law. You are not my client nor am I your attorney unless we sign a retainer agreement.
It can be done but it is a hard claim against an individual who is not law enforcement.
I am a former federal and State prosecutor and now handle criminal defense and personal injury/civil rights cases. Feel free to check out my web site and contact me at (212) 385-8015 or via email at Eric@RothsteinLawNY.com. The above answer is for informational purposes only and not meant as legal advice.