I have a friend and he was illegal in the US. He came with his parents when he was little and overstayed. He doesn't have any history or anything that would disqualify him to apply if he were still in the country. He was not deported or had any removal process, but voluntarily left about 2 years ago. Recently, we found out that someone we knew applied for the deferred action outside of the US and was approved and is back in the US. I would like to know how is this possible and what would be the steps to take concerning this. Is there a loophole? Thank you so much!