The key here is to have a competent immigration attorney do an analysis to see whether you can calculate the 365 days starting with the date of your friends conversion. As noted by one of the other attorneys, a significant change in YOUR FRIEND'S circumstances or the COUNTRY'S conditions might allow a calculation of the 365 days from a different starting point.
It does not pay to dither around with this one; the clock is ticking. You should chat with a competent immigration attorney.
I must remind you that although I am an attorney, I am not YOUR attorney. The information I am providing you is general information about the law. If you would like specific information or advice, I am going to suggest that you make an appointment to come in, or call, to chat with us.
Usually, filing for asylum I-589 in the United States after one year deadline takes additional steps of showing the exact changes in the circumstances or the country conditions in questions that did not permit to file within the required one year.
Then the Service will review the above and will either accept the filing or reject it as insufficient.
Usually, such an asylum case requires a more detailed preparation to show the requisite reasons that may satisfy the USCIS as valid explanations requested in such cases.
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I agree with my colleague.
IMMIGRATION LAW PROFESSOR for 10 years -- LEGAL DISCLAIMER: This answer is offered for informational purposes only. It does not constitute an attorney-client relationship.