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Is it legal to be sent to collections without prior notice?

Utah |

The beginning of this year I finished a semester at college. I have since transferred to another school and before changing I made sure my tuition and such was paid. Today I got a call from a collections agency letting me know I had an unpaid debt. Apparently there had been a few other charges on my account with the school that I had no clue about and had never received correspondence from the school that I still had a past due amount. Now they also expect me to pay a fee for being sent to collections, and if had know about the debt it would have been paid. The root of my questions is, is the school required by law to send me notice of debt before referring me to collections?

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Attorney answers 3


The short answer is no. I do not practice in your state but any time you are in default of an obligation a creditor can use the services of a 3rd party to collect the money. In you case, you may want to contact the original creditor to determine what the charges are for and and how much to be certian they are legitimate.

You will need to consult with a consumer protection lawyer locally.

1. Start keeping a detailed log of all calls and letters and a paper file of all information.

2. Make a written demand that all further communications from creditors is in writing under 15 USC 1692 (c).
The letter should also contain a dispute of the validity of the charges and include a demand for a complete accounting with signatures, and all contents of the file.
The creditor then has 30 days to reply and they may not take any action until you have been sent the validation. Bear in mind that this may be motivation for the collector to work your account when the file comes to them from the original creditor with new information.

3. Do not give them any personal information because that is how collectors decide on which accounts to recommend suing.

4. If you are going to make payments use money orders and not personal checks or “check by phone” because if they find a bank account the collector will be more likely recommend a lawsuit the their legal department.

5. All collections are negotiable; the original creditor has given up and is losing up to 50% on the face value already either by splitting any return or selling at a huge discount. In addition, the costs of a lawsuit although discounted still are a factor in the decision to settle with you.

If you are going to settle mark the check “settled-in-full” at the very top back of the check and include a letter explaining you are offering a settlement, keep copies of everything.

6. Get written confirmation of any payment plan the agency will accept before making a payment.

7. Specify in writing all payments will be applied to principle first.

I do not practice in your state and you will need to consult with a local lawyer for additional protection under your state law.

I have pasted a link to the FDPCA to help you with your federal rights;

You should read the FDPCA from the link above and become informed about your rights; this will help you and your lawyer.

I hope this information and generic advice is helpful.

Good Luck


sorry the short answer should have been maybe. If there was a contract with a default provision then no, for an open account without a contract then yes.


No advanced notice is usually required before a debt is assigned to a debt collection agency. However, it is illegal for a debt collection agency to add fees or charges to a debt they are collecting unless they are explicitly authorized in the contract or agreement that created the obligation.

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