Defamation requires proof that incorrect statements of fact, not opinion, were made to third parties and that it caused harm to you. Here is a link to a guide on defamation law to help you determine whether the law applies to your circumstances.
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This answer is offered for informational purposes only. It is not offered as, and does not constitute, legal advice. Laws vary widely from state to state. You should rely only on the advice given to you during a personal consultation by a local attorney who is thoroughly familiar with state laws and the area of practice in which your concern lies.
Yes. A false accusation of criminal activity made to a third party when the person making the accusation knows it is false is slander per se under Arizona law and is technically actionable without financial loss.
HOWEVER, winning a tort suit without financial loss is very difficult. But from what you describe a good lawyer might be able to demonstrate that the damage to his reputation as a result of the criminal accusation led to damage to his career and future earning potential.
The other difficulty is establishing that the damage to his reputation is only from the rape accusation, and not from the fact that he was having affairs with two women at work.
He should sit down for a consultation with an attorney to discuss his options and whether going forward with a suit would even be a good idea.
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