Generally speaking, in order to determine whether a foreign divorce is valid for immigration purposes, USCIS applies the law of the state where the divorce is being used to support an immigration benefit. In this case, the State of Florida. Under Florida law, one party to the divorce must have been residing in the state for at least 6 months prior to the filing of the divorce petition.
Applying this law to the Colombian divorce, your wife was not residing in Colombia at the time of the divorce (according to your facts). She cannot use a proxy to satisfy this requirement. Thus, under USCIS' interpretation, the divorce is not recognizable. Essentially, your wife received the equivalent of a "mail order" divorce in the eyes of USCIS. This is a common problem for aliens who think they need to get a divorce from the country where the marriage occurred when they have not resided there for many years. Instead, they should have filed in the state in which they were residing.
That being said, there are some exceptions to this general rule. You should consult with an experienced immigration attorney who can review the facts surrounding your wife's divorce and your marriage along with the USCIS decision and recommend how you should proceed.
Jeffrey A. Devore, Esq.
Board Certified Immigration Attorney
Devore Law Group, P.A.
2925 PGA Blvd., Suite 204
Palm Beach Gardens, FL 33410
Telephone: (561) 478-5353
Facsimile: (561) 478-2144
This is complex. It appears that she may not have followed all the requirements of the law in Columbia. Talk to an attorney, it may be necessary for her to re-divorce and you two to re-marry.
www.capriotti.com -- firstname.lastname@example.org -- Senior Legal Counsel -- Capriotti International Law -- Legal disclaimer: This answer is offered for informational purposes only. It does not constitute an attorney-client relationship. Contact the American Immigration Lawyers Association www.aila.org for a referral to an experienced immigration attorney.
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