This question is a bit more complicated than you probably realize. First of all, the court will likely give you a judgment against your first husband for any arrearage amounts owed. However, getting a judgment does not mean that it will all be paid to you at once. He is more likely to either not pay at all, forcing you to collect on the judgment, or to begin making monthly payments to you for those arrearage amounts.
Secondly, it's hard to say whether your alimony would potentially be affected. It would depend on whether your alimony is modifiable or non-modifiable. Furthermore, your second husband would have to ask the court to reduce the amount he's been ordered to pay. However, if your divorce is still pending, and this is only temporary spousal support, receiving monthly payments from your first husband could reduce your need for spousal support. That doesn't mean that you would get nothing, but it might affect it based on how much the first husband is paying each month.
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