No, you cannot be arrested for failure to appear. However, since you did not appear, the Court probably issued Default Judgment against you. Very soon (there is no specific time), you would be receiving a Notice of the Default Judgment from the Court and notice from the Judgment Creditor about the Judgment and request for you to pay. If you ignore the notice from the Judgment Creditor, then the Judgment Creditor would take further actions to enforce the Judgment including scheduling another hearing for examination of your assets and asking for wage garnishment or levy on your properties that are not exempt from execution.
My answers here are for general information only and should not be construed to be formal legal advice or the formation of an Attorney-Client relationship. I am not your Attorney. You should always consult with a local Attorney before taking any action based on the general information provided by me on this site. I practice law only in jurisdictions I am properly authorized to do so and do not seek to represent anyone outside the jurisdictions where I have been licensed to practice law. Currently, I am licensed to practice law in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and the State of New York.
There is no debtors prison, except in Maryland apparently. This is a civil matter and may mean you have a judgment against you. If you want to challenge it you need a lawyer asap. (30 days) The time period for action depends on the creditor.
Was the case civil or criminal? If you owe to a rental furniture place, then sometimes they take out criminal warrants on people for "theft" of their furniture. If it's a criminal case, then yes, you can be arrested.
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