How can I place a lien against his equipment/vehicles
Check with a MN lawyer to see if there are any non-possessory liens available to you. You don't say in your question whether the work you did was work done on that company's equipment or vehicles. If you just did some type of service that isn't tied to repairs of equipment or vehicles you may not have any lien rights. You always have the ability to file a small claims court action which if successful will give you opportunities to enforce the judgment by garnishing bank accounts, etc. Good luck.
You may file a breach of contract suit and seek a judgment for the proceeds owed by the company.
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Whether you are entitled to assert a lien likely depends on the nature of the work you performed, or whether the other party signed any documents giving you the right to assert a lien. If you supplied labor or material for the improvement of real estate, you may or may not be entitled to assert a mechanic's lien a/k/a construction lien against the improved real estate, but there are strict requirements for perfecting and enforcing such liens. Liens can arise in other scenarios, but without knowing the details of the work you did and what documents or other evidence of the agreement exists, it's hard to say whether you are entitled to a lien. At minimum, you likely have a claim for breach of contract if the other party failed to pay what they agreed to pay. Check to see if your claim is within the jurisdictional limit of the small claims court (a/k/a conciliation court). In Minnesota, small claims courts have jurisdiction to hear many (not all) types of claims under the $ limit and the court has claim forms and some limited information about the process. All claims will eventually be barred by an statute of limitations if you don't pursue the claim before the deadline (often years), but I encourage you to consult with an attorney if you have questions about your claim or the applicable claim deadlines. Good luck!
This is a question that crosses the "what's legal" and "what's practical" divide. Legally, you'd have to sue the BUSINESS (not the owner, the business, assuming it is a corporation, LLC, etc.), prove your case, obtain a judgment, and then try to collect. If the other company is broke, you'll never collect. If the other company's vehicles and equipment have liens against them, you'll never collect. Bottom line - unless you KNOW there are assets you can grab with 100% certainty, it's not worth the effort.
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