... Hello ...
... Short answer - no ... anything received by inheritance/bequest/gift belongs to you and you alone ... until you do something with it (i.e., put an inheritance in a joint account), it belongs to you ...
... Having said all that, I am inferring from you question a divorce ... the divorce laws (to the best of my knowledge) may take that into consideration ... I would either ask that in the "family law/divorce" section or seek the advice of an attorney well versed in that area ...
... Good luck ...
... John ...
John B. Whalen, Jr., J.D., LL.M. is an AV Peer Review Attorney and Counselor at Law, is listed in The Bar Register of Preeminent Lawyers, is Avvo Rated 10.0 Superb, is a recipient of the Legum Magister (LL.M.) Post-Doctorate Degree in Taxation (from the Villanova University School of Law), and is a recipient of the American Jurisprudence Award in Wills, Trusts, and Estates (from the Widener University School of Law).
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I agree with attorney Whalen. Your estranged husband would not have a claim on the house. Typically property inherited would not be included in marital property unless the property was made joint with your spouse.
I would recommend that you meet with a divorce attorney as soon as possible.
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Property received through inheritance is separate property, unless and until it is combined with marital or community property, thus changing the property's character from separate to marital. Commingling of funds is the easiest example. If you receive a $100 inheritance and add it to the community bank account, the inheritance is going to be characterized as community property, no longer separate property.
The other issue is your estranged husband. You should consult with local counsel about that relationship and how it should be handled.
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While I agree with my colleagues, in connection with a divorce, I think there are some other factors which mean that you need to get to an estate planning attorney as soon as possible. A lot will depend on how the property is titled. If the property is in joint names and something happens to you, then he will own the house. If it is in your name alone and you die, then the house would need to go through probate and he would have rights, as your surviving spouse. Even if you leave a Will that disinherits him, he will likely have certain elective rights and allowances that cannot be undone.
Assuming the property IS titled in your name alone, I believe you are going to either need to have a trust set up, or a deed that conveys title to someone else, upon your death. That is the only way that you can foreclose all rights he would have in this property if you were to pass away. And even that may not do it completely. That is why I think you need to get to an estate planning attorney, as far as the house is concerned.
Beyond that, and equally as important, you need to have durable power of attorney forms set up for health and financial matters. Otherwise, HE would be first in line to take over your medical treatment and your banking and asset management, if you were to become incapacitated.
All of this should be set up through an estate planning attorney, so you can be sure it is done right.
*** LEGAL DISCLAIMER I am licensed to practice law in the State of Michigan and have offices in Wayne and Ingham Counties. My practice is focused in the areas of estate planning and probate administration. I am ethically required to state that the above answer does not create an attorney/client relationship. These responses should be considered general legal education and are intended to provide general information about the question asked. Frequently, the question does not include important facts that, if known, could significantly change the answer. Information provided on this site should not be used as a substitute for competent legal advice from a licensed attorney that practices in your state. The law changes frequently and varies from state to state. If I refer to your state's laws, you should not rely on what I say; I just did a quick Internet search and found something that looked relevant that I hoped you would find helpful. You should verify and confirm any information provided with an attorney licensed in your state.
Divorce Bank accounts in divorce Divorce and joint accounts Inheritance and divorce Community property in divorce Wills and estates Estates Inheritance rights Power of attorney Durable power of attorney Wills Community property and wills Probate Incapacitation and elder law Marital property Marriage rights